Physics Timeline 1500 – 1599

Dates Characters Theories and discoveries
1514 Nicolaus Copernicus Writes about heliocentric theory but does not yet publish
1515 Leonardo Da Vinci Progress in mechanics, aerodynamics and hydraulics
1537 Niccolo Tartaglia Trajectory of a bullet
1551 Girolamo Cardano Studies of falling bodies
1553 Giambattista Benedetti Proposed equality of fall rates
1543 Nicolaus Copernicus Heliocentric theory published
1546 Gerardus Mercator Magnetic pole of Earth
1572 Tycho Brahe Witnesses a supernova, this show that the heavens are not changeless
1574 Tycho Brahe Observes that a comet is beyond the moon
1576 Tycho Brahe Constructs a planetary observatory
1576 Thomas Digges Illustration of an infinite universe surrounding a Copernican solar system
1577 Tycho Brahe Observes that a comet passes through the orbits of other planets
1581 Galileo Galilei Constancy of period of pendulum
1581 Robert Norman Dip of compass shows that Earth is a magnet
1584 Giordano Bruno Suggests that stars are suns with other Earth’s in orbit
1585 Giovanni Benedetti Impetus theory is better than Aristotle’s physics
1585 Simon Stevin Law of equilibrium
1586 Simon Stevin Pressure in column of liquid
1586 Simon Stevin Verification of equality of fall rates
1589 Galileo Galilei Showed that objects fall at the same rate independent of mass
1592 Galileo Galilei Suggests that physical laws of the heavens are the same as those on Earth
1592 Galileo Galilei Primitive thermometer
1593 Johannes Kepler Related planets to platonic solids
1596 David Fabricius Observes a variable star, (Mira Ceta

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